Indiana charter schools lag on serving ELL students

Do charter schools serve their fair share of English Language Learners? It’s not a new question, and across the country, answers have sometimes been hard to get.

In Indiana, data suggest the answer is: Not yet. At least that appears to be the case in urban areas, where most charters are located and where public school districts tend to enroll the most ELL students.

Using 2012-13 figures, the latest available on the Indiana Department of Education website, we get the following for ELL enrollment:

Indianapolis Public Schools attendance district:

  • IPS schools – 13.5 percent
  • Charter schools – 8.2 percent

Marion County, including IPS and the Indianapolis township schools:

  • District schools – 12 percent
  • Charter schools – 7.6 percent

Lake County(some of which isn’t urban):

  • District schools – 5.8 percent
  • Charter schools – 3.7 percent

ELL_bar_graphThese data don’t include Indy charter schools that opened last fall, two of which — Enlace Academy and Excel Center at Lafayette Square — have high ELL enrollment. With data from Brandon Brown, director of charter schools for the Indianapolis mayor’s office, here are more up-to-date figures: Continue reading

Election season news from here and there

What have things come to when national political organizations and are pouring time, attention and tens of thousands of dollars into local school board races?

That’s what’s happening in Denver, where Oregon-based Stand for Children and New York-based Democrats for Education Reform are backing “pro-reform” board candidates and an opponent is getting positive media coverage from progressive sites like The Nation, Slate and The Daily Kos.

Much of the attention has focused on the southeast Denver race between Anne Rowe and Emily Sirota. SFC and DFER are supporting Rowe. But Sirota, who is married to the progressive blogger, author and radio personality David Sirota, isn’t exactly lacking for influential friends.

Emily Sirota studied political science at Indiana University and then worked in Washington, D.C., for Sen. Evan Bayh and Rep. Baron Hill, a pair of moderate Hoosier Democrats, where she met her husband. She later worked for Montana Gov. Brian Schweitzer before moving to Denver.

Colorado has been out in front of the current wave of education reform, with the state or some districts adopting merit pay, test-based teacher evaluations and vouchers ahead of the rest of the country. If Sirota, who’s being seriously outspent in the campaign, could pull off an upset, it would send an interesting message.

Wake County, N.C.

The Wake County school system in Raleigh, N.C., adopted a remarkable student-assignment plan in the 1990s that sought to avoid segregating rich and poor students in different schools. The goal was to have no more than 40 percent of students in any school qualifying for free and reduced-price lunches.

The system won national acclaim, but some people didn’t like busing students to achieve socio-economic balance. A couple of years ago, a Republican majority took over the school board, killed off the diversity plan, and replaced it with a plan that relies on neighborhood and magnet schools – prompting a federal civil-rights investigation and criticism by Education Secretary Arne Duncan.

Now the pendulum has swung again. Democrats picked up four seats in school board elections this month. Control of the nine-member board will be decided in a run-off election on Nov. 8.

Indianapolis

While Indiana seems to have dropped the ball on early childhood education, Melina Kennedy, the Democratic candidate for mayor of Indianapolis, is trying to do something. She proposes using money from the sale of the city water system to develop and support pre-kindergarten programs.

Matthew Tully of the Indianapolis Star explained her proposal in a recent column.

Some might argue that the mayor of Indianapolis has no statutory role in education – except for authorizing charter schools – so Kennedy should keep out of it. But as the Nobel Prize-winning economist Jim Heckman keeps pointing out, there’s no more powerful investment that than supporting high-quality early education. On this issue, Kennedy is doing the right thing.

It doesn’t really seem like the education issue has caught on in the mayoral race, however. There’s a lot of awareness of the challenges facing Indianapolis Public Schools. But it’s one of only 11 school districts in the city. Indianapolis and Marion County adopted Unigov in 1970, but they kept their Balkanized public school systems. When residents of non-IPS districts go to the polls Nov. 8 to vote for mayor, most of them probably won’t be thinking much about education.

Half of School Improvement Grants go to charters

Indianapolis charter schools nabbed two of the four School Improvement Grants that the Indiana Department of Education awarded this week.

The DOE announced Monday that it was giving $2.2 million to Indianapolis Metropolitan High School and $1.6 million to Challenge Foundation Academy, an Indianapolis elementary school. Both were created within the past six years as part of the boom in urban charter schools in Indiana.

The other Indiana School Improvement Grants were for $5.8 million to Glenwood Middle School in Evansville and $5.9 million to Hammond High School. The funds are awarded for a three-year period.

The School Improvement Grants, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, are intended to help turn around the state’s persistently lowest achieving schools – basically the bottom 5 percent, in terms of test scores and graduation rates, of schools that get or qualify for federal Title I funding.

The fact that two of the four grants are going to charter schools reflects the faith being put in charters, both at the state and federal level, to lead the way in school reform. Continue reading